Zika Virus Carried in Semen

download (35)Women have been infected with the Zika virus by men who have recently travelled to South American countries where the disease is active. Dallas County Health and Human Services noted recently that a person was infected after sexual contact with a male who had recently returned from Venezuela. It was confirmed by the Center for Diseases Control on February 2nd and with this information comes a warning to all who will travel to the Olympic Games.

It’s the cause of microcephaly, which is a condition that causes small heads or craniosynostosis. The latter is a condition in which the joints of the bones in the cranium close prematurely resulting in a shrunken head and small brain. There is no cure as the brain cannot be enlarged even if the skull could.

This is a major health issue and the organisers of the Olympic Games are risking spreading this disease throughout the world. While it is carried by mosquitoes it is easily transmitted when an infected person is bitten by an insect capable of taking it on board and passing it on.

The list of deadly mosquito borne diseases is greater than this, however, as they include dengue fever, Nile River fever, and Yellow Fever, among others. All are known to exist among the insects in the regions of South America, Africa, and parts of the Pacific nations including China where the Zika virus has also spread.

The question is should it be up to the World Health Organisation to stop the games or should the responsibility be on those who intend to take part in them or to be there as observers. With travel being what it is today there is no chance of quarantine in regards to those returning to countries now free of such diseases as there once was.

With memory of reincarnation and a link to the Spirit of the Universe it is my opinion that we are in the last days and that spreading this and other viruses around is part of bringing life as we know it to an end.

What Every Alcoholic Should Know

download (37)What is ‘Wet Brain’?

Wet brain is more than just an alcohol soaked brain. Did you know that it is a very real and very serious brain disorder called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome? Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is caused by severe malnourishment, and is due to lack of vitamin B1. It is most commonly seen in alcoholics and others who are severely malnourished. This can include people suffering from anorexia and bulimia, as well.

In the alcoholic, WKS often goes undetected because the signs are often mistaken for intoxication. If you understand what Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is, and recognize the warning signs early enough, it can be treated and the progression can be halted.

What Are The Symptoms Of Wet Brain?

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is actually two separate syndromes-Wornicke’s Encephalopathy and Korsakoff’s Psychosis-named after the doctors that discovered them. The two overlap and develop almost simultaneously, making the symptoms look like a single illness. It is important to understand the signs and symptoms of both parts of this illness in order to know how far the disease has progressed, and determine what treatment is necessary.

Wernicke’s Encephalopathy:

Phase one of this illness is the part that begins to affect the brain. You will see these symptoms begin to appear:

  • Slowed eye movements, lazy eye, droopy lids, rapid eye movements, such as flicking eyes side to side, blinking
  • Loss of muscle coordination, staggering, loss of balance
  • Confusion, loss of short term memory and intellect
  • Lethargy, depression, inability to pay attention
  • Tremors in the hands and feet, then the arms and legs
  • Muscle twitching and muscle pain

Because these symptoms so closely mimic drunkenness, they go unnoticed until the alcoholic is able to maintain a significant length of sobriety. It is only then, when the symptoms can no longer be blamed on intoxication, that it becomes apparent that something else is wrong.

Korsakoff’s Psychosis:

Phase two develops as phase one symptoms go away. Here are the symptoms you may see:

  • Progressive memory loss, amnesia (permanently lost memories)
  • Confusion, difficulty learning or grasping new information, forgetting things that happened only moments ago
  • Confabulation, lying to compensate for the fact that they can’t remember things

Can Wet Brain Be Cured?

At this point, stage two, the damage is usually not reversible. Most never recover from the effects of WKS, like memory loss, that started with the first symptoms of Wernicke’s. Treatment, at this point, is crucial to control the symptoms and keep them from getting worse. This is a progressive disease; it will only get worse as time goes on. It is a type of dementia similar to Alzheimer’s that is not reversible and eventually causes death. Nearly 20% of those who develop it will die due to leaving it untreated. Treated, however, it can be slowed or halted.

Treatment

Treatment consists of reversing the thiamin deficiency by giving thiamin supplement by injection at first, then orally. Hospitalization may be necessary at this time, until some health is restored to the patient. Thiamin treatments started this late will not improve any loss of memory or intellect, but may improve the person’s thinking and clear some of the confusion. They are also finding that some drugs used to treat Alzheimer’s may help improve some of the memory damage, but studies concerning that are still in progress.

 

Sgpt Test – To Map The Functionality Of The Liver

images (16)The liver is one of the primary and largest internal organs of the body that practically performs more than 500 functions vital for the human body to survive. Known as the chemical factory of the body, the liver processes almost everything that we eat, drink, and apply on the skin and even the air that we breathe in. Briefly, some of the vital functions of the liver are as follows:-

  • Detoxification of the blood.
  • Produces vital clotting elements, albumin, and many other essential proteins.
  • Processes medications and nutrients.
  • Processes waste materials present in hemoglobin and other cells.
  • Stores vitamins, cholesterol, fats, etc.
  • Produces glucose.

An infection or disease in this organ can not only affect the activities it performs but also put an impact on the functionality of other organs of the body as well. To map the proper working of liver, special tests are done. An initial step in detecting an injury or damage to the organ is a simple blood test to determine the level of some liver enzymes in the blood. While under normal conditions, these enzymes stay intact in the cells itself. But in the event of an injury for any reason, these enzymes are released into the blood streams.

Among the many tests that are performed to chart the healthy working of the liver, SGPT test is one of the best to perform. A simple blood test, it measures the level of alanine transaminase (ALT), a type of enzyme produced in the liver which is released into the blood stream when tissues are damaged. The enzyme is also known as serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, or SGPT.

The test is easy to perform and gets over in a matter of few minutes. A small amount of blood is drawn from a vein in your arm which is then sent to the lab for testing. The standard range of values for ALT (SGPT) is about 7 to 56 units per litre of serum. Please note the range can slightly differ from one pathology lab to the other.

In case the ALT level is higher than the standard range specified above, the following may be the reasons of cause:-

  • Excess consumption of alcohol
  • Mononucleosis
  • Liver or Gallbladder disease such as liver cancer, liver failure or stones in gallbladder
  • A muscle injury
  • Certain medications taken within 24-48 hours of the test performed

The level may be much higher than the standard value, in case of:-

  • A liver damage from an acute viral infection like hepatitis.
  • A liver damage due to the intake of certain medicines.

The SGPT blood test results are only a small part of the wider picture that takes into consideration the patient’s medical history, current health issues and physical examination in understanding the extent of damage or disease in the organ.

The author is a health blogger who loves to write on topics related to liver such as risk factors, SGPT test, various therapies, and treatments. Tarun has been associated with one of the digital marketing companies of India and works as a Sr. Content Executive. The author has also been acclaimed for him enlightening blogs by many veterans.