Absolute Eosinophil Count To Check For A Disease

download (39)An absolute eosinophils count is a kind of blood test specially performed to chart the number of white blood cells called eosinophils present in the body as these eosinophils charge up in case a person suffers from an allergic disease, an infection or any other medical condition. The test can also be done to monitor the ongoing treatment against parasites.

Low Number of Eosinophils

A low count of eosinophils in the blood is likely to happen if a person is suffering from Cushing syndrome, bloodstream infection or treatment with corticosteroids. Though a low number does not signify that the individual surely has a disease as the other parts of the immune system, compensate adequately.

High Number of Eosinophils

Some of the common causes of increased count are as follows:-

  • Allergic disorder
  • Particular type of cancer, or
  • Parasitic infections.

In case the count is only slightly elevated, people do not show any symptoms, and the high count is detected only when a complete blood count is done for some other purpose. However, if the count is very high, the increased number of eosinophils can inflame the tissues and even cause organ damage. The heart, skin, lungs and the nervous system are the most commonly affected parts.

Prepare for the Test

No particular preparation is required for an absolute eosinophils test. However, certain medications must not be taken before the test as they can affect the test results. Medicines which should be avoided are as follows:

  • Appetite suppressors (Amphetamines)
  • Certain kind of laxative consisting psyllium
  • Interferon
  • Tranquilizers
  • Certain type of antibiotics.

Normal Results

Any count between 50 to 400 cells per microliter (cell/mcL) is considered to be a normal result. On the other hand, if the count is higher than the specified upper value, can be associated with the following diseases:

  • Asthma
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Hay fever
  • Leukemia
  • Eczema

In case the count is less than the specified lower value, it may be due to

  • Alcohol intoxication
  • Over production of certain kind of steroids in the body.

How the Test will Feel?

Being a kind of blood test, an Absolute Eosinophils Count test is easy to perform. The patient will feel a little uneasiness only when the needle is inserted in one of the veins for drawing blood. Post that, there might just be a bruise at the point of prick which disappears after a short while. The test is safe to perform and does not pose any such health risks.

The author is a health blogger who loves to write on topics related to kidneys such as risk factors, GFR test, various therapies, and treatments. She has been associated with one of the digital marketing companies of India and works as a Sr. Content Executive. The author has also been acclaimed for her enlightening blogs by many veterans.

Why A Glomerular Filtration Test Is Performed

download (38)The kidney is one of the most vital organs, failure of which can cause a significant threat to an individual’s life. If you face symptoms of kidney disease, immediately visit a doctor and get necessary tests done. Of the many tests performed to study the proper functionality of kidneys, a GFR test is the best and most accurate one. It helps measure the amount of creatinine present in the blood, a breakdown product which is filtered out by the kidneys. The test is also utilized to analyze the stage of kidney damage. The higher the presence of creatinine, the higher is the stage of the disease.

How is the test performed?

A sample of blood is needed to carry out the GFR test. As mentioned above, the blood tests for the level of creatinine along with several other factors to estimate the glomerular filtration rate. Different formulas are used for analyzing the condition in children and adult. The formula includes the following:-

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Height
  • Weight
  • Ethnicity
  • Blood creatinine measurement

Test Preparations

It is quite possible that your doctor may ask you to stop your regular medications for they can affect the test results. These medications include stomach acid medicines and antibodies. Do not discontinue your medications without talking to your doctor. Also, inform the doctor if you are pregnant as the test result is affected by pregnancy.

Normal Test results

As per the National Kidney Foundation, normal test results typically range between 90 to 120mL/min/1.73 m2. Aged individuals can have lower than normal GFR levels because it decreases with progressing age.

Abnormal Test Results

A level below 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for consecutive three months or more are a sign of fatal kidney disease. On the other hand, a GFR less than 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 is considered a sign of kidney failure and must be treated immediately.

How will the test feel?

Arteries and veins differ in size from one person to the other and from one side of the body to the other. Obtaining a sample of blood can be normal for some but painful for many. The prick can feel a bit stingy. Once the blood is drawn, there might be a slight bruise which soon disappears. The test does not pose any health risks as such if performed using sanitized needle and new injections.

Alternative Risk Factors

There are many other reasons why you may develop a kidney disease. Some of them are as follows:

  • Diabetes
  • Family history of kidney diseases
  • Heart disease
  • Frequent urine tract infections
  • High blood pressure
  • Urinary blockage

The author is a health blogger who loves to write on topics related to kidneys such as risk factors, GFR test, various therapies, and treatments. She has been associated with one of the digital marketing companies of India and works as a Sr. Content Executive.