Absolute Eosinophil Count To Check For A Disease

download (39)An absolute eosinophils count is a kind of blood test specially performed to chart the number of white blood cells called eosinophils present in the body as these eosinophils charge up in case a person suffers from an allergic disease, an infection or any other medical condition. The test can also be done to monitor the ongoing treatment against parasites.

Low Number of Eosinophils

A low count of eosinophils in the blood is likely to happen if a person is suffering from Cushing syndrome, bloodstream infection or treatment with corticosteroids. Though a low number does not signify that the individual surely has a disease as the other parts of the immune system, compensate adequately.

High Number of Eosinophils

Some of the common causes of increased count are as follows:-

  • Allergic disorder
  • Particular type of cancer, or
  • Parasitic infections.

In case the count is only slightly elevated, people do not show any symptoms, and the high count is detected only when a complete blood count is done for some other purpose. However, if the count is very high, the increased number of eosinophils can inflame the tissues and even cause organ damage. The heart, skin, lungs and the nervous system are the most commonly affected parts.

Prepare for the Test

No particular preparation is required for an absolute eosinophils test. However, certain medications must not be taken before the test as they can affect the test results. Medicines which should be avoided are as follows:

  • Appetite suppressors (Amphetamines)
  • Certain kind of laxative consisting psyllium
  • Interferon
  • Tranquilizers
  • Certain type of antibiotics.

Normal Results

Any count between 50 to 400 cells per microliter (cell/mcL) is considered to be a normal result. On the other hand, if the count is higher than the specified upper value, can be associated with the following diseases:

  • Asthma
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Hay fever
  • Leukemia
  • Eczema

In case the count is less than the specified lower value, it may be due to

  • Alcohol intoxication
  • Over production of certain kind of steroids in the body.

How the Test will Feel?

Being a kind of blood test, an Absolute Eosinophils Count test is easy to perform. The patient will feel a little uneasiness only when the needle is inserted in one of the veins for drawing blood. Post that, there might just be a bruise at the point of prick which disappears after a short while. The test is safe to perform and does not pose any such health risks.

The author is a health blogger who loves to write on topics related to kidneys such as risk factors, GFR test, various therapies, and treatments. She has been associated with one of the digital marketing companies of India and works as a Sr. Content Executive. The author has also been acclaimed for her enlightening blogs by many veterans.

Why A Glomerular Filtration Test Is Performed

download (38)The kidney is one of the most vital organs, failure of which can cause a significant threat to an individual’s life. If you face symptoms of kidney disease, immediately visit a doctor and get necessary tests done. Of the many tests performed to study the proper functionality of kidneys, a GFR test is the best and most accurate one. It helps measure the amount of creatinine present in the blood, a breakdown product which is filtered out by the kidneys. The test is also utilized to analyze the stage of kidney damage. The higher the presence of creatinine, the higher is the stage of the disease.

How is the test performed?

A sample of blood is needed to carry out the GFR test. As mentioned above, the blood tests for the level of creatinine along with several other factors to estimate the glomerular filtration rate. Different formulas are used for analyzing the condition in children and adult. The formula includes the following:-

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Height
  • Weight
  • Ethnicity
  • Blood creatinine measurement

Test Preparations

It is quite possible that your doctor may ask you to stop your regular medications for they can affect the test results. These medications include stomach acid medicines and antibodies. Do not discontinue your medications without talking to your doctor. Also, inform the doctor if you are pregnant as the test result is affected by pregnancy.

Normal Test results

As per the National Kidney Foundation, normal test results typically range between 90 to 120mL/min/1.73 m2. Aged individuals can have lower than normal GFR levels because it decreases with progressing age.

Abnormal Test Results

A level below 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for consecutive three months or more are a sign of fatal kidney disease. On the other hand, a GFR less than 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 is considered a sign of kidney failure and must be treated immediately.

How will the test feel?

Arteries and veins differ in size from one person to the other and from one side of the body to the other. Obtaining a sample of blood can be normal for some but painful for many. The prick can feel a bit stingy. Once the blood is drawn, there might be a slight bruise which soon disappears. The test does not pose any health risks as such if performed using sanitized needle and new injections.

Alternative Risk Factors

There are many other reasons why you may develop a kidney disease. Some of them are as follows:

  • Diabetes
  • Family history of kidney diseases
  • Heart disease
  • Frequent urine tract infections
  • High blood pressure
  • Urinary blockage

The author is a health blogger who loves to write on topics related to kidneys such as risk factors, GFR test, various therapies, and treatments. She has been associated with one of the digital marketing companies of India and works as a Sr. Content Executive.

Sgpt Test – To Map The Functionality Of The Liver

images (16)The liver is one of the primary and largest internal organs of the body that practically performs more than 500 functions vital for the human body to survive. Known as the chemical factory of the body, the liver processes almost everything that we eat, drink, and apply on the skin and even the air that we breathe in. Briefly, some of the vital functions of the liver are as follows:-

  • Detoxification of the blood.
  • Produces vital clotting elements, albumin, and many other essential proteins.
  • Processes medications and nutrients.
  • Processes waste materials present in hemoglobin and other cells.
  • Stores vitamins, cholesterol, fats, etc.
  • Produces glucose.

An infection or disease in this organ can not only affect the activities it performs but also put an impact on the functionality of other organs of the body as well. To map the proper working of liver, special tests are done. An initial step in detecting an injury or damage to the organ is a simple blood test to determine the level of some liver enzymes in the blood. While under normal conditions, these enzymes stay intact in the cells itself. But in the event of an injury for any reason, these enzymes are released into the blood streams.

Among the many tests that are performed to chart the healthy working of the liver, SGPT test is one of the best to perform. A simple blood test, it measures the level of alanine transaminase (ALT), a type of enzyme produced in the liver which is released into the blood stream when tissues are damaged. The enzyme is also known as serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, or SGPT.

The test is easy to perform and gets over in a matter of few minutes. A small amount of blood is drawn from a vein in your arm which is then sent to the lab for testing. The standard range of values for ALT (SGPT) is about 7 to 56 units per litre of serum. Please note the range can slightly differ from one pathology lab to the other.

In case the ALT level is higher than the standard range specified above, the following may be the reasons of cause:-

  • Excess consumption of alcohol
  • Mononucleosis
  • Liver or Gallbladder disease such as liver cancer, liver failure or stones in gallbladder
  • A muscle injury
  • Certain medications taken within 24-48 hours of the test performed

The level may be much higher than the standard value, in case of:-

  • A liver damage from an acute viral infection like hepatitis.
  • A liver damage due to the intake of certain medicines.

The SGPT blood test results are only a small part of the wider picture that takes into consideration the patient’s medical history, current health issues and physical examination in understanding the extent of damage or disease in the organ.

The author is a health blogger who loves to write on topics related to liver such as risk factors, SGPT test, various therapies, and treatments. Tarun has been associated with one of the digital marketing companies of India and works as a Sr. Content Executive. The author has also been acclaimed for him enlightening blogs by many veterans.